Tag Archives: climate change

Replication of our Tree Planting Model in Rivas, Costa Rica

 

donate-a-treeWe have been working hard with our new community project replication in San Jose de Rivas Costa Rica to plant 2500 more diverse rainforest trees on 7 different family farms. The local farmers learn more about mechanics of long term reforestation through the actual hands on work of touring their farms, designing the project, selecting species and doing the actual work of planting the trees to restore and regenerate their own deforested and degraded lands. Working in the tree nursery and making fertile bokosha soil for filling the tree bags in the nursery also requires a lot of woman power and the community has been more than happy to be part of the weekly crews.

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Just look at the pictures. People are all smiles! Our social impact studies have revealed so much to us already. It was shocking to me to learn that despite lots of visits and programs offered by FONOFIFO ( Costa rica Forestry Service) and the Minister of Agriculture and Ganaderia (cattle), farmers have never before received real technical assistance on their own farms. Many feel very forgotten and taken advantage of by government programs requiring their time but failing to pay them for it. So, obviously, it is new experience being paid for their work and this has taken some time to sink into the community. Collaboration takes group interest instead of self interest and our system of planting a wide diversity of fruit and lumber trees on local family farms is effectively teaching them about the benefits and the challenges of working in a unified group.

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The four leaders working in this community, myself included, have also gotten a work out on the listening and cooperation aspects of working in a community that has been impoverished by deforestation, monoculture coffee farming with heavy reliance on chemicals to deal with degraded and dead soils.

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Everyone we have interviewed want to improve their soils and stop using herbicides and pesticides so we are thrilled to offer them the opportunity of restoring their soils by growing biodiverse trees with ACCT empowerment from your sponsorships and collaborating grant money to ultimately encourage organic agriculture. Fair pay for hours spent chopping the regenerating grasses and vegetation encourages the community to stop taking the easy way out using poison to kill the grasses to avoid the heavy work of chopping them by hand with machetes.

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Regrowing rainforest helps all of us no matter where we live. We are all breathing oxygen produced by trees near the Equator.  And we are all drinking water and eating food nourished by rain water. The rainforest near the Equator is what drives and maintains balance in all of the life cycles. And humans keep cutting down more. How do we get people to stop? And contribute to the regrowth of rainforest which sustains our very lives?

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We ask you to sponsor trees… and meanwhile, we also look for money from businesses and foundations. We work hard to keep this work funded by applying and managing grant money. Our administrative costs are extremely low and many of us leaders definitely do not get paid for all of the work we do. It takes a big dedicated team of people truly collaborating at every level to do this work. And all the tree planters and seed collectors need you too just as you need them.

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After more than 20 years developing this reforestation work in Costa Rica, and as we approach replicating our ACCT model now to other countries on the Equator, and so many experiences participating in and measuring the process, I’ve come to believe that changing the consciousness of all the people involved through the process is the key to our collective success. Shifts in the way we live globally and act globally to manage our Earth’s natural can generate a new awareness about giving back to our earth. The highest levels of being human are accessed when we are in our gift state and that’s why giving back feels so good. And as we keep working, we love to be able to assure you that every tree  we plant now resulting from your generosity will be protected and accounted for over the long term by resilient and committed human communities.

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We love trees! Have you sponsored a tree lately? http://www.communitycarbontrees.org/plant-a-tree/

Hemos estado trabajando arduamente con nuestra nueva réplica de proyectos comunitarios en San José de Rivas, Costa Rica, para plantar 2500 árboles más diversos de selva en 7 granjas familiares diferentes. Los granjeros locales aprenda más sobre la mecánica de la reforestación a largo plazo a través del trabajo práctico de recorrer sus fincas, diseñar el proyecto, seleccionar especies y hacer el trabajo real de plantar los árboles para restaurar y regenerar sus propias tierras deforestadas y degradadas. Trabajar en el vivero de árboles y hacer suelo fértil de bokosha para llenar las bolsas de los árboles en el vivero también requiere mucho poder de la mujer y la comunidad ha estado más que feliz de ser parte de los equipos semanales.

 

Solo mira las fotos. La gente es todo sonrisas ! Nuestros estudios de impacto social ya nos han revelado tanto. Fue impactante para mí saber que a pesar de una gran cantidad de visitas y programas ofrecidos por FONOFIFO (Costa R ica Servicio Forestal) y el Ministro de Agricultura yGanadería (ganado), los agricultores han nunca antes recibido asistencia técnica real en sus propias fincas. Muchos se sienten olvidados y aprovechados por los programas gubernamentales que requieren su tiempo pero no les pagan por ello. Por lo tanto, obvio usualmente, es una nueva experiencia ser pagada por su trabajo y esto ha llevado algo de tiempo para hundirse en la comunidad. La colaboración toma interés del grupo en lugar de interés propio y nuestro sistema de plantar una gran diversidad de árboles frutales y madereros en fincas familiares locales les enseña de manera efectiva sobre los beneficios y los desafíos de trabajar en un grupo unificado.

 

Los cuatro líderes que trabajan en esta comunidad, incluido yo mismo, también hemos trabajado en los aspectos de escuchar y cooperación del trabajo en una comunidad que ha sido empobrecida por la deforestación, el cultivo de monocultivos de café con una gran dependencia de los químicos para lidiar con la degradación y suelos muertos

Todos los que hemos entrevistado quieren mejorar sus suelos y dejar de usar herbicidas y pesticidas, por lo que estamos encantados de ofrecerles la oportunidad de restaurar sus suelos cultivando árboles biodiversos con el empoderamiento de ACCT de sus patrocinios y donaciones de fondos para finalmente fomentar la agricultura orgánica. El pago justo por las horas dedicadas a cortar los pastos y la vegetación en regeneración alienta a la comunidad a dejar de tomar el camino más fácil usando veneno para matar las hierbas y evitar el trabajo pesado de cortarlas a mano con machetes.

 

Regrowing rainforest nos ayuda a todos sin importar dónde estemos . Todos respiramos oxígeno producido por árboles cerca del Ecuador.   Y todos estamos bebiendo agua y comiendo alimentos nutridos por agua de lluvia . La selva tropical cerca del Ecuador es lo que impulsa y mantiene el equilibrio en todos los ciclos de vida. Y los humanos siguen reduciendo más. ¿Cómo hacemos que la gente se detenga? ¿Y contribuir a la generacion del bosque lluvioso que sostiene nuestras vidas?

 

Le pedimos que patrocine árboles … y mientras tanto, también buscamos dinero de empresas y fundaciones. Trabajamos arduamente para mantener este trabajo financiado aplicando y administrando dinero de la subvención. Nuestros costos administrativos son extremadamente bajos y muchos de nosotros, los líderes, definitivamente no nos pagan por todo el trabajo que hacemos.  Requiere un equipo grande de personas que realmente colaboran en todos los niveles para hacer este trabajo. Y todos los plantadores de árboles y recolectores de semillas también lo necesitan tal como los necesita.

 

D espués de más de 20 años en el desarrollo de este trabajo de reforestación en Costa Rica, y cuando nos acercamos a replicar nuestro modelo ACCT ahora a otros países en el Ecuador, y tantas experiencias que participan en el proceso de medición y, he llegado a creer que cambiar la conciencia de todas las personas involucradas a través del proceso es la clave de nuestro éxito colectivo. Los cambios en la forma en que vivimos a nivel mundial y actuar globalmente para administrar la naturaleza de nuestra Tierra pueden generar una nueva conciencia sobre cómo devolver a nuestra tierra. Se accede a los más altos niveles del ser humano cuando estamos en nuestro estado de regalo y es la razon porque devolviendo a la tierra y a la humanidad siente tan bien. Y a medida que seguimos trabajando, nos encanta ser capaces de asegurarle que cada árbol   plantamos ahora como resultado de su generosidad será protegida y representó a largo plazo de las comunidades humanas resistentes y comprometidos.

 

Rainforest Trees Make Healthy Precipitation For the Whole Planet!

Seems like no matter where you are, talk about drought is on the tip of everyone’s tongue. I was recently in California this past April and was surprised to see the all fountains, even the ones in Beverly Hills, completely turned off. Babylon is running out of water. How ironic because Babylon used to be known for its lush hanging hydroponic gardens overflowing with plenty of water and more than enough food for all. Now look at us.

Empty fountains in California reveal just how serious the water shortage situation really is!
Empty fountains in California reveal just how serious the water shortage situation really is!
We are in fact running out of water!
We are in fact running out of water!

Water wars have begun whether you know it or not. Competition for this precious resource is going to become ever more fierce because we have altered our air composition and cut down way too many trees. Excess carbon dioxide is driving up temperatures which is, in turn, trapping in more water vapor.

Deforestation means hot ground surface temperatures and NO water absorption.
Deforestation means hot ground surface temperatures and NO water absorption.

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Rainforests balance the global temperature and water cycles through recycling huge quantities of rainfall. Enormous amounts of water are continuously being elevated through the one-way, antigravity valving system of trees. Each canopy tree transpires some 200 gallons ( 760 liters) of water annually. For every acre of canopy rainforest, trees transpire about 20,000 gallons (76,000L) of water. [1] The tree feeds the rain-forming atmosphere by leaking atomized water out through its leaves while at the same time sucking in fresh water through its roots. Trees run the rainfall/snowfall system through their evapo-transpiration. So how do the trees recycle the rain?

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Water evaporates from the sea and from the trees, first rising as water vapor and then condensing and falling as rain, a process referred to as evapo-transpiration. Some rainwater sinks into the earth and some rainwater drains away over the ground surface, depending on the temperature of the ground surface coupled with whether there are trees there or not. In forested areas, the trees cool the ground off with their shading branches and leaves. When the the ground is cooler than the falling rainwater, the warmer rainwater to easily penetrate the earth. Around 85% of the water runoff is retained, with 15% being absorbed by vegetation and humus and about 70% going to recharge groundwater, aquifers and underground stream systems.jenny diagram

In the full hydrological cycle like this, the trees recharge the groundwater table by sending it down through interconnected webs of   tree roots.  This is why biodiverse groupings of different species of trees, like those growing in a natural forest or highly diverse reforestation project, ensure that water is, in fact, penetrating the ground at multiple levels and actually nourishing deeper underground streams and reservoirs instead of draining them like in a monoculture or single species plantation.

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In a healthy, full hydrological cycle, diverse tree root systems play another key role in regulation of the water cycle. Roots from all kinds of trees reaching down to all strata of underground levels draw water up from different layers of the soil and underground aquifers. This water then transpires through the tree leaves and rises as water vapor, cooling with altitude and condensing into clouds. Finally, the water aggregates into bigger droplets and precipitates as rain. Some say that water rising from trees is more highly charged and healthy water because it emanates from a living source, with mineral and trace element content much higher than transpiration from the sea, where many creatures have already absorbed the oxygen and carbon dioxide content leaving the water empty.

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Now think about what happens to the water when we cut down the trees, particularly around the Equator where the majority of rainwater and oxygen is recycled on our planet. In deforested areas without tree cover, the temperature gradient of the soil is normally so hot that the cooler rainwater cannot penetrate it at all. Instead, the water runs off and just evaporates away. It’s just like when you throw water on a hot skillet and it sizzles and skitters sideways, just evaporating into thin air. Without the trees and cooling clouds to shade and protect and keep the soil cool, the rainwater cannot sink in.

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The water vapor in the atmosphere at first increases and the rain spreads out over a much larger surface area instead. Sometimes the rainfall is excessive, then flooding occurs. At the same time, enhanced evaporation causes the atmosphere to become overloaded with water vapor and make the water fall somewhere else instead – sometimes far from the original source of the water vapor. By this process, devastating droughts can also result from the vicious cycle of rain created by a broken hydrological cycle. Yes, a flood in one region begets the next flood, and conversely, a flood can also be the cause of a future drought.

Excess water vapor is creating destructive flood and drought cycles.
Excess water vapor is creating destructive flood and drought cycles.
Floods are a consequence of a broken water cycle due to deforestation.
Floods are a consequence of a broken water cycle due to deforestation.

How can drought occur from too much rain? Critical consequence of the half hydro cycle is that there is no groundwater recharge. Think about it. Most of the water is staying on the surface because trees are not rooting the water down and transpiring the vapor upwards in a slow steady balanced process. Instead, the water is rising very fast, in large part as hot vapor and falling as rain without ever actually penetrating the deep levels of the earth. Often, if there aren’t enough trees to hold moisture in the soil, and the winds end up moving the vapor elsewhere which effectively removes the water from that local system.

Where there is no tree cover, the groundwater initially rises and brings with it underground salts, which contaminate the upper levels of topsoil. The plants are not able to metabolize these salts and vegetation and soils dry up and die. Over time the groundwater table will sink and disappear, because there is insufficient rainwater to nourish it and in turn, the supply of nutrients to vegetation from below the ground ceases.

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Esteemed scientist Victor Shauberger calls this a biological short circuit which ultimately leads to widespread desertification. Why? The nutrients present in the upper zones of the groundwater table, which are normally drawn up by the trees to a level where they are accessible to the lesser plants are left below instead to sink with the falling ground water. The water table eventually drops to levels far beyond the reach of even the deepest tree roots, taking all soil moisture and trace elements down with it. No water means the desert reigns supreme.

When widespread desertification is the norm, not only is water lost in the deep bowels of the earth, but it also begins to be lost at the great heights of the heavens. The initial greater intensity of thunderstorms and storm activity at first raises the water vapor to levels far higher than normal, even as high as 40 to 80 km above the surface of the planet. Here the vapor reaches altitudes where it is exposed to much stronger ultraviolet and high energy gamma radiation, which break apart the water molecules by disassociating the oxygen from the hydrogen. Due to its lesser specific weight, the hydrogen molecule then rises while the oxygen molecule sinks. This way the water is effectively removed forever – gone gone gone for good.

So what can we do to restore a healthy, full hydrological cycle for our planet? Planting bio diverse trees within 10° of the Equator is one of the best solutions.  In badly deteriorated soils, pioneering species are able to handle the higher levels of soil salts and are critical to plant so they can provide some early shade and ground cover which begins to lower the soil’s temperature. Soil conditions slightly improve as the trees move rainwater deeper into the earth, taking the excess salt down with it. Meanwhile a mix of fruit and hardwood trees can survive in the regenerated soil thanks to the process of creating shade and more soil moisture. Eventually, the pioneer trees die off because the evolved soil conditions are now no longer suitable and the dynamic balance of nature is restored.

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